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Statutory Framework for the Early Years Foundation Stage

The Statutory Framework for the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS)


The EYFS sets out the learning and development stages for children as they grow from birth to five years.  Children learn and develop through playing, exploring, being active, creative and being asked questions to help their thinking. Our provision reflects the four overarching principles of the Statutory Framework for the Early Years Foundation Stage: 

  1. A Unique Child - Every child is a unique child who is constantly learning and can be resilient, capable, confident and self-assured.

  2. Positive Relationships - Children learn to be strong and independent through positive relationships.

  3. Enabling Environments - Children learn and develop well in enabling environments, in which their experiences respond to their individual needs and there is a strong partnership between practitioners, parents and carers.

  4. Learning and Development - Children develop and learn in different ways and at different rates. The framework covers the education and care of all children in early years’ provision including children with special educational needs and disabilities.

The EYFS is made up of 7 areas of learning and development, all of which are connected to one another and are equally important. 

Children start to learn about the world around them from the moment they are born. The care and education offered by our nursery helps children to continue to do this by providing all of the children with interesting activities that are appropriate for their age and stage of development. 

Prime Areas


Personal, social and emotional development.

Within a nurturing environment, children are individually supported in developing confidence, autonomy and self-respect. They are encouraged to work independently as well as to share and co-operate with others. Through activities, conversation and practical example, they learn acceptable ways to express their own feelings and to have respect for the feelings of others.

Physical development.

A range of equipment and opportunities, both indoors and outdoors, allows children to develop confidence and enjoyment in the use and development of their own bodily skills. Children safely create and meet physical challenges, developing increasing skill and control in moving, climbing and balancing. At the same time, children are helped to develop the fine motor skills they will need to use tools, including pens and pencils, and to handle small objects with increasing control and precision.

Communication and language.

In a range of contexts, children are encouraged to extend their vocabulary and fluency by talking and listening, and by hearing and responding to stories, songs and rhymes. Children are given the opportunity to share their own experiences in response to stories or events in their lives using questions such as “how” or “why” and are actively encouraged to listen attentively to both adults and peers.

Specific Areas


These areas build upon the prime areas and form essential skills that children will need to have to successfully integrate into the world around them. Our curriculum provides a varied, stimulating range of activities to ensure that these areas of knowledge are learnt through play.


Children are helped to understand that written symbols carry meaning, to be aware of the purposes of writing and, when they are ready, to use drawn and written symbols for themselves. We have a well-resourced library and book areas and give every child the opportunity and encouragement to become familiar with books.


Children become familiar with sorting, matching, ordering, sequencing and counting activities which form the basis for early mathematics. There are plenty of opportunities both inside the classroom and outdoors to count and use their developing mathematical understanding to solve practical problems.  Children are supported in learning and using the vocabulary of mathematics, identifying objects by shape, position, size, volume and number. Songs, games and picture books help children become aware of number sequences and, when they are ready, to use simple mathematical operations such as adding and subtracting

Other Areas

Understanding the world

A safe and stimulating environment allows children to observe and experiment with a range of natural and manufactured materials. They learn to recognise differences, patterns and similarities, and to share and record their findings. Children are assisted in exploring and understanding their environment, both within the nursery and also in the wider community. They learn to respect other people, and expect to be respected for themselves. A range of safe and well maintained equipment enables children to extend their technological understanding, using simple tools and techniques as appropriate to achieve their intentions and to solve problems. Children are introduced to a range of ICT equipment such as remote controlled cars, cameras, iPads and computers.

Expressive arts and design

Children are encouraged to use a wide range of resources in order to express their own ideas and feelings, and to construct their individual response to experience, in two and three dimensions. Art equipment, including paint, glue, crayons and pencils as well as natural and discarded resources, provide for open-ended exploration of colour, shape and texture and the development of skills in painting, drawing and collage. Children join in with and respond to music and stories, and there are many opportunities for imaginative role play, both individually and as part of a group.